Ankle Sprains

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best insoles ankle sprains

An ankle sprain is a common sporting injury but can also occur in normal everyday activities with an unnatural twist of the ankle. In the US alone almost 24,00 people each day suffer from an ankle sprains. In the UK almost 1.5 million people visit A&E each year for ankle sprains. It can be a very painful experience and can significantly affect a patient’s lifestyle. The ankle joint consists of three bones, tibia, fibulae and talus. There are various ligaments that can be damaged that connect to these bones. An ankle sprain can occur when you land awkwardly when placing the foot or stepping on an irregular surface.

Some patients that suffer from over supination or over pronation can be more susceptible to ankle sprains. Inversion injuries, in which the foot rolls inward and is also known as over pronation are more common than eversion injuries (also referred to as a high ankle sprain), in which the foot twists outward i.e. over supinates.

It occurs due to the ankle twisting and causing damage to soft tissues and ligaments. An ankle sprain may result in a partial or complete tear of a ligament, which stabilizes the ankle joint.  

The severity of a sprain varies and is graded:-

Grade I - mild stretching of the ligament without joint instability.

Grade II - a partial tear of the ligament but without causing joint instability, or a mild instability of the joint.

Grade III - complete tear of the ligament with instability of the joint. This is also known as a severe ankle sprain.

The patient will complain of swelling, pain which may be a throbbing pain and also redness and warm in the ankle joint. Once the ligament is torn, it becomes weak which in turn causes the ankle stability to be affected. Initial treatment can consist of pain killers, application of ice, elevation. If the ankle is excessively swollen and the pain is extreme then x-rays are necessary to make sure a fracture has not occurred. The primary cause of an ankle sprain is over pronation. This can be controlled via sports insoles. The insole controls the biomechanical movement of the foot and ankle.

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Orthotic Proof Sources and Safety Data.

The use of foot orthotics has been researched and tested by leading institutions around the world, and is widely accepted in the medical community. Foot orthotics/ foot insoles are used in both public and private hospitals and clinics.

Clinical studies and field research verify the value of orthotics in preventing and treating arch pain while improving the structural integrity of the ligaments and muscles around the ankle. Flexible orthotics control foot motion without restricting function and creating compensatory movement in other structures.


American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists

Anthony RJ (1991) The Manufacture and Use of Functional Foot Orthoses.

Valmassey R (1998) Clinical Biomechanics of the Lower Extremity.

Whing W , Zernicke R(1998). Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury.

Journal of Applied Biomechanics


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