Neuroma (Morton's Neuroma)

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The term neuroma refers to a swelling of a nerve. The nerve commonly affected is a small nerve that connects the 3rd and 4th toes, counting from the big toe. The patient will complain of pain in the sole of the foot. The area may be hot and swollen.The symptoms begin with numbness or tenderness in the foot, just behind the 3rd and 4th toes. At a later stage, pain, numbness, burning and tingling sensations can radiate around the foot.

The symptoms may appear and disappear spontaneously. Severe pain may be present at weight bearing and the patient may experience spontaneous shooting pain, which is often referred to as an "electric shock". This can affect patients when they are sleeping at night. Mechanical problems with the feet such as "over pronation" can cause this condition. Over pronation can be simply described as a condition, which causes your arches to flatten out when you stand up. This causes your ankles to roll in towards each other and disturbs your normal walking pattern.

If a foot over pronates, the structures of the foot are put under stress, which increases the likelihood of a neuroma occurring.

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Orthotic Proof Sources and Safety Data.

The use of foot orthotics has been researched and tested by leading institutions around the world, and is widely accepted in the medical community. Foot orthotics/ foot insoles are used in both public and private hospitals and clinics.

Clinical studies and field research verify the value of orthotics in preventing and treating arch pain while improving the structural integrity of the ligaments and muscles around the ankle. Flexible orthotics control foot motion without restricting function and creating compensatory movement in other structures.

Sources:

American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists

Anthony RJ (1991) The Manufacture and Use of Functional Foot Orthoses.

Valmassey R (1998) Clinical Biomechanics of the Lower Extremity.

Whing W , Zernicke R(1998). Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury.

Journal of Applied Biomechanics

 

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