Shin Pain

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A shin splint or general shin pain is the most common cause of exercise-induced leg pain encountered by athletes of all levels. The pain from shin splint is felt along the shin bone, called the tibia, which runs down the inner part of the shin. It starts as a dull pain, but if ignored and you continue to exercise it can become very painful and force you to stop training altogether. It is very important not to ‘run through the pain’, as the shin pain is an injury to the bone and surrounding tissues in your leg. This will only aggravate the injury and make the pain worse. 

In the past the term shin splint has been used to describe all forms of pain in the lower leg. A shin splint is a very specific problem. It is essentially an inflammatory reaction involving the deep tissues of the lower leg and may involve tendons & muscles. Specifically the tibialis anterior muscle and tendon.
The inflammatory reaction occurs at the point where the deep tissues insert into the inside (medial) or front (anterior) aspect of the leg bone (tibia). When a patient is suffering from a medial shin splint the pain will be present on the inner aspect of the leg. In an anterior shin splint, pain and tenderness is present on the front and outer aspect of the leg. In either cases, walking and running may be extremely painful. In severe cases, even standing up may be painful. The primary cause of shin pain is over pronation. This can be controlled via insoles.

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Orthotic Proof Sources and Safety Data.

The use of foot orthotics has been researched and tested by leading institutions around the world, and is widely accepted in the medical community. Foot orthotics/ foot insoles are used in both public and private hospitals and clinics.

Clinical studies and field research verify the value of orthotics in preventing and treating arch pain while improving the structural integrity of the ligaments and muscles around the ankle. Flexible orthotics control foot motion without restricting function and creating compensatory movement in other structures.

Sources:

American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists

Anthony RJ (1991) The Manufacture and Use of Functional Foot Orthoses.

Valmassey R (1998) Clinical Biomechanics of the Lower Extremity.

Whing W , Zernicke R(1998). Biomechanics of Musculoskeletal Injury.

Journal of Applied Biomechanics

Traditional Treatment

Shin pain insoles have been used for years to help people with shin pain. Traditionally when we think of insoles or orthotics we think of a hard plastic insert that is placed in the shoe. It cups the heel and supports the arch but because it is not flexible it does not extend the full length of the foot. This tends to make this type of orthotic uncomfortable, and ineffective for many people.

It also repositions the arch using "brute force." Because it is not flexible it forces the arch into it's correct position but does nothing to relieve the pressure that is forcing the arch to collapse, causing shin splints, in the first place. This type of hard plastic orthotic can actually cause increased pain in patients, which is the reason why we have recommended the Dr Foot's Sport Insoles for the treatment of shin pain. They provide a flexible yet incredibly supportive and stable treatment option.

 

 

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